John Barlow of Fairfield,
the research of Edson
John Barlow was probably born around 1600 and
probably in England. This estimate of his birthyear is based primarily
on the assumption that he was about twenty years old when his first
child was born in 1620- 25.
John Barlow's parents and birthplace are not known
from the records. It has long been a family tradition that he was a descendant
of Roger Barlow (ca. 1500 - 1553) who was the first of the name to settle
in Pembrokeshire, Wales, where he purchased an estate, Slebetch Manor,
from the crown in 1546. The family tradition goes on to say that Joel
Barlow, a descendant of John Barlow, applied for and was given the privilege
of the Barlow of Slebetch arms by the English College of Arms when he
was in England in the late 18th century. Matthews' American Armoury and
Blue Book  gives Joel as the holder of the arms. Based seemingly
upon this, a number of references have stated that John Barlow was born
in Pembrokeshire, Wales.
However, no record of Joel Barlow's inquiry to the
College of Arms has been found and their records do not show any connection
between John Barlow and Roger Barlow, according to correspondence with
the College of Arms. Mr. P.Ll. Gwynn-Jones, the Lancaster Herald of The
College of Arms at London states in a 1993 letter  that "There is
nothing in the Records of the College of Arms to support the proposition
that Joel Barlow sought and obtained the right to use Arms which were
identical with or similar to the Arms of the Slebech or Slebetch Barlows,
or any other Arms."
It has also been suggested that John Barlow's parents
were Sir Alexander Barlow and his second wife
Mary Brereton, but no proof of it has been given. Sir Alexander was
a descendent of the Barlows of Barlow
Hall of Lancashire, England, and Sir Montague Barlow says in his
Family Records that Alexander's children were Margaret Barlow, who
married Sir John Talbot; Sir Alexander Barlow; Rudesind
Barlow (1585- 1656), a Benedictine monk; and Edward Barlow (1587-1641),
whose was also a Benedictine monk and was known as Father
John Barlow was an early settler at Fairfield, Connecticut,
but he was not among the first . The migration patterns of other
settlers seems to suggest that John and his family came to New England
in the late 1630's, stayed briefly at Watertown, Massachusetts, then
probably following the trail to Windsor, then down the Connecticut
River to Wethersfield and then overland for the final leg of the journey
The first group of Fairfield settlers that came in
with Roger Ludlow, after he had received permission to settle the area
in September 1639 from the General Court at Hartford, included John
Green, Thomas Staples, Thomas Newton, Edward Jessop and Edmund Strickland.
Others, mostly from Watertown according to Farnham  followed shortly,
and apparently included John Barlow and his family. Edward Jessop and
Edmund Strickland did not stay at Fairfield very long; they moved
on to Long Island and sold their Fairfield lands to Robert Hawkins
and John Barlow , respectively, probably around 1640. Fairfield
originally consisted of but eight or ten families, living along five roads
that Ludlow established. These roads created four squares, each comprising
twenty-five or thirty acres. John Barlow's home-lot, which was originally
Edmund Strickland's, was situated with those of Roger Ludlow, Thomas
Staples, Thomas Newton and Robert Hawkins (originally Edward Jessop's)
in the so-called Ludlow Square.
Roger Ludlow was born at Dinton, Wiltshire, England,
in 1590 and was a son of a West Country gentry family that had become
prominent during the reign of Henry VIII. He attended Balliol College,
Oxford, and later studied law at the Inner Temple. A Puritan and an
officer of the Massachusetts Bay Company, he sailed to New England
in March 1630 on the Mary and John out of Plymouth, England. He was
one of the founders of Dorchester, Massachusetts, was Deputy Governor
of the Massachusetts colony in 1634, was the principal draftsman
of the Fundamental Orders, the basis of government in Connecticut until
the Charter of 1662, and in 1651-53 was commissioner of the United Colonies
of New England.
John Barlow sold his original home-lot to Thomas
Morehouse before 1653 and moved to unsettled land north of the village
center. This was afterwards called "Barlow's Plain." John Barlow
and his son John were accepted as freemen in 1664 and they participated in
the various land divisions that were granted to the owners of estates
in January 1668/9, February 1668/9, January 1670/1, February 1671/2,
March 1681/2, February 1682/3, and April 1688.
John Barlow died around the first of June 1674, probably
at his home at Fairfield.
His will reads as follows:
I Comit my soul into ye hands of my faythfull Creator upon his
pleasing shall be to require it and my body to a Comely buriall.
And for my wordly goods my funeral expenses first defrayed and
my debts discharged I dispose as follows:
I give and bequeath to my loving wife Anne
Barlowe all my Lands housing Cattles of all sorts and all my
I give and bequeathe the premises and every
part of them to my Loving sonn John Barlow and to my daughters
Elizabeth frost Martha Beers Deborah Sturgis Issable Clapham and
Ruth Bradlee to be equally divided among them. And whereas Inconveniences
may follow by dividing some parcell of land or particulars Chattles
or moveables my will is that whichsoever of the six above named
Legatees will give the greatest price for the same shall have it.
In witness thereof I have hear unto set my hand this eigh t day
of March one thousand six hundred seventy foure.
Witnesses John Barlowe
James Beers Junior Seal
The inventory of his estate was taken on June 09,
1674, by George Squire Sr., Richard Ogden and John Burr, and the will
was proved on November 03, 1674, at Fairfield. An agreement between
his son and two of his sons-in-law was entered into on November 20, 1674 .
No gravestone has been found for either John or Ann
John Barlow was a contemporary of Thomas Barlow of
Fairfield. see article. He
may have been a brother, a nephew or a cousin, a speculation based solely
on the surname - no relationship can be gleaned from the records.
It is also an old family tradition or legend that James
Barlow of Suffield, Connecticut, was John Barlow's brother. It is not
known where this story originated but it has been repeated in Reynold's
Biographical Review of Southern New York and in an article by Cholly
Knickerbocker in the old New York Journal American. In his book " The
Israel Barlow Story and Mormon Mores, Ora H. Barlow offers significant
proof that James Barlow, who was born in 1659, or some 59 years after John,
was a son of the immigrant Edmund Barlow of Malden, Massachusetts, and
a grandson of James Barlow of Turton, Lancashire, England. See
the preceding article on Edmund
John Barlow met and married his wife Ann before coming
to New England, probably around 1620 and probably in England. It
has been suggested that her maiden surname was Ward but there is yet
no proof of it. She died probably early in 1685 and probably at Fairfield.
The inventory of her estate was taken on February 25, 1684/5, and was
filed on March 10, 1685 
With one possible exception, John and Ann Barlow's
children are given in his will. Their birth order as given here is primarily
based on the custom in colonial wills to list children first by sex
and then by birth order. That is, sons were listed first in their birth
order and then the daughters in their birth order.
The "possible exception" to John Barlow's family
is Ann Barlow. According to Jacobus  she was "called" John Barlow's
daughter in the Colonial Records. She was not, however, listed in either
his or his wife's will. She was still living at the time of John and
Ann Barlow's deaths, and while she had moved to New York, she was not
that far away. If she had been "disinherited" or "disowned" for some
reason, she probably would have been mentioned in the will, if only to exclude
her. The suspicion occurs that she was either a younger sister or a
niece of John Barlow. In any event, until better information is obtained,
she continues to be listed as the oldest daughter.
Thus John and Ann Barlow's children were:
||Ann Barlow was born probably around 1625-30 and
probably in England.
She married Samuel Drake on September 13, 1650, at
Fairfield  This marriage was also recorded as September 30,
1650, by the Rev. Silas Constant of the Yorktown, New York, Presbyterian
They moved to Eastchester, New York, in 1663 and Samuel
Drake died there in 1686. He was a son of John and Elizabeth (Rogers)
Drake who came from England in 1630 . Ann died after December 12,
1691 , probably at Eastchester.
Their children were:
John Drake, born in 1654
Drake, born in 1663 and died on May 12, 1732
Samuel Drake, died in 1690
||Elizabeth Barlow was born probably around 1620-25 and probably in
She married Daniel Frost around 1640-42 at Fairfield and was his
second wife. He was born around 1613 in England, was baptized on January
17, 1612/3, at St. Mary's, Nottingham, and was a son of William Frost
who came to New England from Nottingham in 1639. She died in 1686.
Their children were:
Rebecca Frost, born in 1640,
married Simeon Booth
Sarah Frost, born around 1644, married Samuel
Rachel Frost, born around 1647, married Robert Rumsey
Hannah Frost, born around 1648, married John Thorp
Daniel Frost, born around 1650, married Mary Rowland
Joseph Frost, born around 1652, married Elizabeth
Isaac Frost, born around 1654, died in 1684
Esther Frost, born around 1656 [37,47]
Martha Barlow was born probably
around 1625 and probably in England.
She married James Beers around 1659 at Fairfield,
when he bought land there. He came to Watertown, Massachusetts, as
a youth with his uncle in 1635, and was a son of James Beers of Gravesend,
Kent, England. He was an early settler at Southport, Connecticut,
and he subsequently became one of the largest landholders at Fairfield.
He died in 1694 and she died in 1698, both at Fairfield.
Their children were:
James Beers, born in 1662 and
died in 1691
Martha Beers, who married Joseph Bulkley
Beers, who married Samuel Hull
Joseph Beers, died in 1696
Beers, who married John Darling .
Deborah Barlow was born probably
around 1630 and probably in England.
She married John Sturges (or Sturgis) in 1650 at
Fairfield. He was born around 1624, probably in England, and he settled
at Fairfield in 1660. He died in 1700, probably at Fairfield.
Their children were:
Jonathan Sturges, born around
1651, married Susannah Banks
Joseph Sturges, born around 1654, married
Sarah Sturges, born around 1661-63, married Richard
Deborah Sturges, born around 1659-62, married James
John Sturges, born around 1655-60, married Mary Goodwin
Abigail Sturges, born around 1663-73, married Simon
Thomas Sturges, born around 1657-68 
Isabella Barlow was born probably around 1632 and probably
She married Peter Clapham around 1660 at Fairfield. He was born around
1628 and he died on February 18, 1698.
Their only child was Abigail Clapham
who married Thomas Merwin in March 1678/9 at Fairfield.
|| John Barlow was born probably around 1635 and possibly in either
England or Massachusetts.
Ruth Barlow was born probably around 1640 and probably
She married Francis Bradley around 1660-61 at Fairfield.
He was born in 1625 in England and was an apprentice to Governor Theophilus
Eaton at New Haven before coming to Fairfield in 1660. He died in October
1689 at Fairfield.
Their children were:
Ruth Bradley, born in 1662, married
John Bradley, born in 1664, married Hannah Sherwood
Abigail Bradley, born in 1667, did not marry
Bradley, born in 1670, married Sarah Jackson
Daniel Bradley, born
in 1673, married Abigail Jackson
Joseph Bradley, born in 1676, married
Mary Bradley, born on December 05, 1677
John Barlow was born probably around
1635 and possibly in England or Massachusetts. He had a home-lot on
Main Street at Stratford, Fairfield County, Connecticut, in 1660. As
a landowner he was probably at least 21 years old at this time. He
sold this lot to John Hurd and moved back to Fairfield before 1668.
John Hurd (1613-1681) was a miller and with Thomas Sherwood built the
first mill at Old Mill Green, in 1653, where he was among the first
residents in that part of town.
John Barlows will was dated January 28, 1690/1, and
named his wife Abigail his sons John, Joseph and Samuel, and his daughters
Abigail, Deborah, Elizabeth and Ruth. The inventory of his estate was
taken on March 06, 1690/1 .
John Barlow married Abigail Lockwood probably around
1667 and probably at Fairfield. She was born around 1640 probably at
Watertown, Massachusetts, and was a daughter of Robert and Susanna (Norman)
Lockwood, who had moved to Fairfield from Watertown about 1652.
The children of John and Abigail Barlow were:
||John Barlow was born about 1668 at Fairfield 
Abigail Barlow was born in 1671 at Fairfield.
She married first Jonathan Rowland on January 18 or
28, 1690, at Fairfield . He was a son of Henry and Rebecca Rowland
of Fairfield and he died in 1691
Their children were:
Jonathan Rowland, born in 1690
Rowland, born in 1691-2
Abigail (Barlow) Rowland married second Samuel Denton, a son of
Samuel Denton of Hempstead, Long Island.
Their children were:
Ruth Denton, born on November
John Denton, born in 1695-6
Martha and Mary Denton,
twins born on January 09, 1697/8
John Denton, born on January 12,
Deborah Denton, born in September 1701
born on April 21, 1704, and died a day or so later
born on May 9, 1705
Ceziah Denton, born on July 12, 1707
born on August 05, 1709
Ann Denton, born on April 27,
Deborah Barlow was born about 1675
at Fairfield . She died on December 04, 1726, in her 52nd
year at Stratfield, Connecticut, and was buried there in the Old Stratfield
She married John Burr before November 03, 1698, at
Fairfield and they had a child:
John Burr (1698-1752)
||Sarah Barlow, perhaps, was born in July 1675 at Fairfield
Barlow was born on May 11, 1677, at Fairfield [48
]. She died
in 1729/30, probably in Westchester County, New York.
She married first Jeremiah
Westchester, New York, around 1692 at Fairfield, and they moved to Eastchester,
New York. He was born around 1671 at Providence, Rhode Island, and
was a son of Henry and Rebecca (Newell) Fowler. He died in the fall
of 1723 at Eastchester. His will was dated September 26, 1723, and
was proved on December 23, 1723.
Elizabeth (Barlow) Fowler married second Miles Oakley
around 1724. He was born on December 24, 1671, at Throgg's Neck, Westchester
County, New York, and was a son of Miles and Mary Oakley. He married
third Hannah (Horton) Robinson, the widow of Thomas Robinson, around
1730 and they moved to Harlem, New York, before 1733. He died before
Joseph Barlow was
born on September 01, 1677, at Fairfield . Note that the recorded
birthdates of Joseph and Elizabeth are too close and there is apparently
some error. Jacobus seems to have recognized this error and placed
Joseph's birth between that of his sisters Abigail and Deborah, but
without explanation .
He married Sarah Read, a daughter of William and Deborah
(Baldwin) Read of Fairfield. He died suddenly and intestate between July
06, and October 03, 1697. The inventory of his estate was taken on October
30, 1697, and his estate was distributed to his widow Sarah on November
13, 1698. No children were named in the settlement of his estate.
After Joseph's death his widow married second Zachariah Ferris, Jr.
Ruth Barlow was born in 1680 at Fairfield .
She married John Morehouse at Fairfield between January 28, 1690/1,
(the date of her father's will) and November 03, 1698.
||Samuel Barlow was born around 1682 at Fairfield 
John Barlow was
born about 1668 at Fairfield, Connecticut . On September
19, 1692, at Fairfield, he testified in the Mercy Disbrow witch trial,
which is the only record indicating his birth year. From the court
John Barlow, eaged 24 years or thairabout, saieth and sd testifieth
that soumtime this last year, that I was in bedd in the hous that
Mead Jesuop then livied in that Marsey Desbory came to me and layed
hold on my fett and pinshed them looked wishley in my feass, and
I strouff to rise and cold not and to speek and cold not. All the
time that she was with me it was light as day as it seemed to me
- but when she vanicht it was darck and I arose and hade a paine
in my feet and leags, some time after an our or too it remained.
Sometime before this aforesd Marcey and I had a falling out and
shee sayed that if shee had but strength shee would teer me in
John Barlow renewed his Covenant at the Fairfield
Church of Christ on February 24, 1694/5, the same day his son was baptized
there . He was a Lieutenant in the West Company of the Fairfield
Militia in May 1705 
John Barlow died in 1715 at Fairfield. His will was
dated July 31, 1710, was proved on April 6, 1715, and named his wife
Ruth, his four sons, John, Samuel, Joseph and Francis, and his four
daughters, Abigail, Ann, Sarah and Deborah. The distribution of his
estate was made on January 22, 1717/8, to his widow Ruth and their
four sons 
John Barlow married Ruth (Sherwood) Drake around 1692 at Fairfield . She
was a daughter of Thomas and Ann (Turney) Sherwood and the widow of Samuel
Drake who had died in 1690/1.
John and Ruth Barlow's children were:
John Barlow was born on September 06, 1693, at
Fairfield  and was baptized there on February 24, 1694/5.
Samuel Barlow was born on November 14, 1695, at
Fairfield  and was baptized on April 26, 1696, in the Church of
Christ at Fairfield .
He married Sarah Sherman and they had four children. He died in 1734
at Fairfield 
Abigail Barlow was born on June 30,
1697, at Stratford  and was baptized on September 05, 1697, in
the Church of Christ at Fairfield .
An Elizabeth Barlow was recorded as born to John
Barlow's wife on June 03, 1697, at Fairfield  and this perhaps
was Abigail. She married William Hill about 1716  She died on April
16, 1743, at age 47 at Fairfield and was buried there in the Greenfield
Hill Cemetery 
Ann Barlow was born
on October 6, 1699, at Fairfield  and was baptized on November
19, 1699, in the Church of Christ at Fairfield .
She died in November 1764 at Westport, Connecticut .
She married Jeremiah Sturgis
on September 1, 1720, at Fairfield 
Joseph Barlow was born on April 14,
1701, at Fairfield  and was baptized on May 18, 1701, in the
Church of Christ at Fairfield .
He married first Sarah Bradley
around 1723, second Experience Davis around 1727, and third Phebe
---- around 1733.
He died around 1762.
Francis Barlow was born on July 11,
1702, at Fairfield  and was baptized on August 16, 1702, in the
Church of Christ at Fairfield .
He married Elizabeth Mitchell,
a daughter of Daniel Mitchell, around 1727 and they lived at
Stratford, Newtown and Danbury, Connecticut.
He died in February 1793
at Brookfield, Connecticut.
Sarah Barlow was born on February
27, 1703/4, at Fairfield  and was baptized on March 05, 1703/4,
in the Church of Christ at Fairfield .
She married first Eliphalet
Hull in 1723 at Fairfield . He was born on February 05, 1700/1,
at Fairfield and was a son of Theophilus and Mary (Sanford) Hull.
He died on March 14, 1736/7, and was buried in the Greenfield Hill
Cemetery at Fairfield.
She married second Captain David Banks on
November 01, 1738 . She died on November 28, 1767, in her 64th
year  and was buried in the Greenfield Hill Cemetery.
Deborah Barlow was
born on January 10, 1705/6, at Fairfield  and was baptized
on March 03, 1705/6, in the Church of Christ at Fairfield .
Joseph Gorham on January 13, 1725/6, at Fairfield 
He was born on August 22, 1692, at Bristol, Rhode Island, and
was a son of Jabez and Hannah (Sturgis) Gorham. He died on January
19, 1773, and she died on January 25, 1778, at Westport .
Samuel Barlow was
born around 1682 at Fairfield, Connecticut [40
He was an Ensign in the West End Company of Militia at Fairfield
in May 1715 and a Lieutenant in the Second Company at Fairfield in
October 1730. He
died on May 20, 1745, at Fairfield and was buried there in the Old
Burying Ground. [51
] His will was dated
April 29, 1743, was proved on June 19, 1745, and named his wife Elizabeth,
their sons Samuel Barlow and David Barlow, their daughters Ann Barlow,
Elizabeth wife of Benjamin Sturgis, Abigail wife of Joseph Gold,
and Grace wife of Benjamin Lines, and granddaughter Eunice Barlow,
daughter of son Joseph Barlow deceased. The administration was granted
to son Samuel Barlow on February 03, 1746/7, and on February 02,
1747/8, David Barlow, Executor, appealed from the administration
of Samuel Barlow [41
Samuel Barlow married Elizabeth Rumsey in 1702 at Fairfield [7
She was born around 1686, was baptized on October 04, 1702, at Fairfield and
was a daughter of Robert and Rachel (Frost) Rumsey [40
She died on February 10, 1752, at Fairfield and was buried there in the Old
Burying Ground. Samuel and Elizabeth Barlow's children were all baptized in
the Church of Christ at Fairfield [45
||Gershom Barlow was baptized on February
17, 1705/6 , and died in infancy 
was baptized on March 16, 1706/7 
He married but his wife's name
is not known.
He died before his father's will of April 29, 1743.
||Gershom Barlow was baptized on December
19, 1708 , and died in infancy 
Samuel Barlow was
baptized on January 22, 1709/10 .
He married first Eunice Bradley,
a daughter of Daniel and Abigail (Jackson) Bradley, on August
2, 1731, at Fairfield  and second Esther
Hull, a daughter of Nathaniel and Elizabeth (Burr) Hull, on August
7, 1744, at Fairfield .
died on December 20, 1773, at Redding, Connecticut, and was buried
there in the Old Burying Ground.
Daniel Barlow was
baptized on October 28, 1711 , and died in infancy 
Elizabeth Barlow was baptized on June
20, 1714 .
She married Benjamin Sturgis .
vii. Abigail Barlow was baptized on August
5, 1716 .
She married Joseph Gold about 1738 . He was baptized
on October 21, 1711, and was a son of Nathan and Sarah Gold.
He was killed on July 07, 1779, during Tryon's raid on Fairfield .
||Mary Barlow was baptized on November
02, 1718 , and died in infancy .
David Barlow was baptized on March
01, 1718/9 .
He married first Susannah Hubbard, a daughter of Zechariah
and Mary (Hobby) Hubbard, on December 27, 1743, at Fairfield 
and second Esther Sturgis, a daughter of Jeremiah Sturgis, on November
29, 1750, at Fairfield  He died and was buried on October 07, 1795,
at Fairfield .
Ann Barlow was baptized on November 8, 1721 
married first Joseph Sturges of Stamford, Connecticut, on March 11,
1749/50 . He was baptized on October 05, 1712, and was the son
of Christopher and Mary (Godwin) Sturges of Stamford.
She married second
William Knowles of New Milford, Connecticut .
She died on July
26, 1801, in her 80th year, at Stratfield, Connecticut, and was buried
in the Stratfield Cemetery.
was baptized on May 24, 1724 
She married first Benjamin Lines
(c.1717-c.1755), a son of Benjamin and Esther (Sturgis) Lines, on
May 30, 1742, in the Greenfield Hill Church at Fairfield.
second Jonathan Darrow .