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Written by John Quincy Barlow after 1908, transcribed by Barbara Ereshena, as written, with hew own notes in parenthesis.

Cigarette

If you want a man who will train on flee the cigarettist as you would a pestilence. Do not promote the cigarette smoker for the time will surely come when you will rue the day you ever gave him an opportunity to annoy you by leaving things undone he ought to have done and doing things he ought not to have done.

My opponents may call your attention to the fact that in some parts of Europe cigarette smoking is almost universal and without noticeable injurious effects. This immunity is owing to the temperement of the people and the peculiariarities of the climate.

My argument has America and Americans in mind. Poison affects different people differently and American nerves cannot stand artificial stimulants. The phlegmatic Russian can do things we cannot. The Don Dago, Greaser and Turk are built on different lines from us. Americans need all the brain power they possess. And they need to learn to use it. Cigarette smoking is not periodic- it is continuous- a slow insidious, sure poison. Its results can be accurately foretold. But for the young man who has become so calloused that he smokes cigaretts in the presents of his mother, sister, or sweetheart, there is little hope. Young woman heed my warning. Never, Never marry such a man. The poison has already tanted his moral nature and for him the work of dissolution, disintegration, and degeneration has begun. He is a mental and moral defective. In preparing a culture bed for vice germs, do not omit cigarettes. They stupefy the conscience, deaden the brain, place the affection in abeyance, and bring the beast to the surface. The burning of tobacco and paper together in contact with the saliva distills a subtle chemical poison that has its sure effects even upon the strongest constitutions.

One marked peculiarity of the cigarette fiend is that invariably he makes a great discovery. It is that cleverness, astuteness, trickery, and lieing are good substitutes for simplicity, frankness, and plain, common honesty. The difference between mine and thine is a very hazy proposition to the cigarettist. Dishonor, perdify, disappointment, disgrace, are the end of all. To the employer of labor, I say Place no confidence in the cigarettist- never promote him- he is an irresponsible being. Love him if you can; pity him if you will, but give him no chance to cluch you with his nicotine fingers and drag you beneath the wave.

You are saying this is strong language. From the stand point of a phasition I have still stronger to give you. He says, I denounce cigarette smoking because of its blighting, blasting effect upon one’s success in life. The whole tendency of cigarette nicotine poison in youth is to arrest development; It is fatal to all normal functions. It blights and blasts both health and morals. It not only ruins the faculties, but it unbalencies the mind as well. Many of the most pitiable cases of insanity in our asylums are cigarette fiends. It creates abnormal appetites, strange longings, and in many cases an almost insatiable inclination to crime. The moral depravity which follows the cigarette habit is something frightful, lying, cheating, impurity, loss of mind, of courage and manhood, a complete dropping of life’s standards all along the lines are its general results.

Listen to Magistrate Crane of New York City “Ninety nine out of a hundred boys between the ages of ten and seventeen who come before me with crime have their fingers disfigured by yellow cigarette stanins. I am not a crank on this subject. I do not care to pose as a reformer, but it is my opinion that cigarettes will do more harm than liquor to ruin boys. When you have arraigned before you boys hopelessly deaf through the excessive use of cigarettes, boys who have stolen their sister’s earnings, boys who absolutely refuse to work, who do nothing but gamble and steal, you cannot help seeing that there is some direct cause and a great deal of this boyhood crime is, in my mind, easy to trace to the deadly cigarette. There is something in the poison of the cigarette that seems to get into the system of the boy which destroys all moral fiber. The probable course of a boy who begins cigarette smoking, 1st cigaretts, 2nd beer and liquors, 3rd craps, petty gambling, 4th horse racing- gambling on a larger scale, 5th larceny, 6th state prison.”

(Note: From internet search:

Magistrate Leroy B. Crane, of New York City, says:
"Out of 300 boys brought before me charged with various crimes 295 [Ed Note: 98¼%] were cigarette smokers. This surely goes to prove that the boys who do not smoke do not stray into the path that leads to the police court. Congress [Ed Note: like 1897 Iowa] should stop the manufacture, sale, and importation of cigarettes. Ninety-nine out of 100 boys between the ages of 10 and 17 years who come before me charged with crime have their fingers disfigured by yellow cigarette stain. I am not a crank on this subject. I do not care to pose as a reformer, but it is my opinion that cigarettes will do more than liquor to ruin boys.")

Dr J. H. Kellogg says I had all the nicotine from a cigarette removed and made a solution of it. I injected half the quantity into a full grone frog with the effect that it died almost instantly. I then administered the balance to another like frog with like results. A boy smoking twenty cigaretts a day has inhaled enough poison to kill forty grone frogs. Why does the poison not kill the boy? It does kill him. If not immediately, he will die sonner or later of weak heart, Bright’s disease, or some other malady which scientific physicians everywhere recognize as a natural result of chronic nicotine poisoning. A chemist not long ago since, took the tobacco used in an average cigarette and soaked it in several teaspoonfuls of water and then injected a portion of it under the skin of a cat. The cat almost immediately went into convulsions, and died in fifteen minutes. Dogs have been killed by a single drop of nicotine.

(Note: From internet search:

Tobaccoism, or, How Tobacco Kills
by John H. Kellogg, M.D., LL.D., F.A.C.S.
(Battle Creek, Michigan:
The Modern Medicine Publishing Co, 1922)

John H. Kellogg, M.D., LL.D., F.A.C.S. (1852-1943) wrote an early exposé (1922) of tobacco dangers. It cites facts you don't normally ever see, due to the "tobacco taboo."  The phrase "tobacco taboo" is the term for the pro-tobacco censorship policy—to not report most facts about tobacco. Information about the tobacco danger was already being circulated in 1922, 42 years before the famous 1964 Surgeon General Report.)

A young man died in a Minnesota State institution not long ago, who five years before had been one of the most promising young physicians of the west. Still under thirty years at the time of his commitment to the institution; says a newspaper account of the story. He had already made three discoveries in nervous diseases which had made him well known in his profession. But he smoked cigarettes. For a long time effects of his habit were not apparent; in fact, it was not untill a patient died on the operating table under his hands, and the young doctor went to pieces, that it became known that he was a victim of the paper pipes. But then he had gone too far, he was a wreck in mind as well as in body, and ended his days in a maniac’s cell.

Listen to the following dialogue
•You smoke thirty cigarettes a day?
•Yes, on the average.
•You don’t blame them for your run down condition?
•Not in the least, I blame my hard work.
      The physitian shook his head. He smiled in a vexed way. Then he took a leech out of a glass jar.
•Let me show you something he said. Bare your arm.
•The cigarette smoker bared his pale arm, and the doctor laid the lean, black leech upon it. The leech fell to work busily.
  Its body began to swell. Then, all of a sudden, a kind of shudder convulsed it, and it fell to the floor- dead.
•That’s what your blood did to that leech, said the physician. He took up the little corpse between his finger and thumb,
  Look at it, he said. Quite dead, you see. You poisoned it.
•I guess it wasn’t a healthy leech in the first place, said the paper pipe smoker, sullenly.
•Wasn’t healthy, eh? Well, we’ll try again.
•And the physitian clapped two leeches on the young man’s thin arm.
•If they both die said the patient I’ll swear off- or, at least. I’ll cut down my daily allowance from thirty to ten.
•Even as he spoke the smaller shivered and droped to his knee, and a moment later the larger one fell beside it.
•This is gastly, said the young man. I am worse than the pestilence to three leeches.
•It is the empyreumatic oil in your blood, said the medical man. ‘All cigarette smokers have it.’
•Doctor, said the young man, regarding the three dead leeches thoughtfully, I half believe you’re right.

Oh! That I had the power to make every man young and old in Beerston believe there physitians are telling the whole-truth.

Listen to what our Universities and some of our large business concerns say! It is said that for the past fifty years not a student of Harvard University who used tobacco has been graduated at the head of his class, although on the average five out of six used tobacco.

An investigation of all the students who entered Yale University during nine years shows that the cigarette smokers were the inferiors both in weight and lung capacity of the non-smokers, although they averaged fifteen months older.

Dr. Fiske of the Northwestern Academy has asked all pupils who will not give up cigarettes to leave the Academy. In one year not one of the boys who used cigarettes stood in the front rank of scholarship.

This is our experience in teaching more than five thousand young people, says the principle of a great business College: Cigarettes bring shattered nerves, stunted groth, and general physical and mental degeneration. We refuse to receive users of tobacco into our institution.

Cigarette smoking is no longer simply a moral question. The great business world has taken it up as a deadly enemy of advancement and achievement. Leading business firms all over the country have put the cigarette user on the prohibited list. In Detroit alone sixty nine merchants have agreed not to employ the cigarette user. In Chicago, Montgomery Ward, Spencer, Bartlett & Company, and some of the larger concerns have prohibited cigarette smoking among all employees under eighteen years of age. Marshall Field & Company have this rule “No cigarettes can be smoked by our employees”. One of the questions in the application blanks at Wanamaker’s reads: Do you use tobacco or cigarettes?

The superintendent of the Sindell Steel Railway, of St. Louis, says: Under no circumstances will I hire a man who smokes cigarettes. He is as dangerous as the man who drinks. In fact, he is more dangerous; his nerves are apt to give way at any moment. If I find a car running badly, I immediately begin to investigate to find if the man smokes cigarettes. Nine times out of ten he does, and then he goes for good.

E. H. Harriman, the late head of the Union Pacific Railroad system said: We might as well go to a lunatic asylum for our employees as hire cigarette smokers.

(Note: E. H. Harriman (1847-1909)

The New York, New Haven, and Hartford, the Chicago Rock Island and Pacific, The Lehigh Valley, The Burlington, and many others of the leading railroad companies of this country have issued orders positively forbidding the use of cigarettes by employes while on duty.

If there is anything the youth should regard as sacrid and should preserve intac6t at all hazards as it affects his future more than anything else, it is his will power, and this is affected verry early in the cigarette smoker, so that he finds himself a slave to a practice which was once absolutely within his volition.

Cigarette smoking early impairs the digestive organs. It causes a gradual loss of appetite, and the wretched victim substitutes more cigarettes for food, in fact he finally gets to a point where he becomes such a slave to the cigarette that he cannot do without it.

Herein lies one of the greatest dangers of the cigarette, It creates a longing which it cannot satisfy.

A physician in charge of a large sanatorium in the West says that three-fifths of all the men who come to the institution within a year, to be cured of the opium, morphine, cocaine habit, have been cigarette smokers, and that sixty percent of these pleaded as there only excuse, the need of a stronger stimulant than the cigarette.

Excessive cigarette smoking increases the heart’s action very materially, in some instances, twenty five or thirty beats a minute. Think of the enormous amount of extra work forced upon this delicate organ every twenty-four hours! The pulsations are not only greatly increased, but also, very materially weakened so that the blood is not forced to every part of the system, and hense the tissues are not nourished as they would be by means of fewer but stronger, more vigorous, pulsations.

That little roll of paper and tobacco is rightly names the little “coffin nail”. In this strenuous age the first requsit of success is health. Undoubtedly many cigarette smokers are not aware of their harmful effects. But it is no longer a matter of opinion, it is a matter of facts, and the facts are against the cigarette, As said Luther Burbank “The young man who smokes cigarettes will burn out his nervous system and never blossom into full grown manhood.”

(Note: Luther Burbank (1849-1926) was a famed horticulturalist)

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(Written by John Quincy Barlow)

June 5: 1923

From my view-point, a majority of us at this luncheon are older than Mathusela when he died: In Mathusela’s day time was measured by the moon. From one new moon to the next was called a year; so Mathusela’s 969 at 13 moons to our year make him 74 years & 7 mos. This makes the 5 th chapter of Genesis agree with the 90 th Psalm and corresponds with our experience and observation.

My view of life is had from the standpoint of the farmer. And my ideal was to have at least one hour each day to devote to reading and study. Need I to tell those of you who have been farmers, that this ideal was not realized? And did we not find that “Our work was always different from what we had planned”. Each day brought its task and when from 10 to 16 hours had been faithfully used in performing it, there was little ambition left for literary enterprise.

To keep partially posted on current events was all we were able to do. Do I look upon these years of farming as wasted? by no means! for I saw under my hand the old knolls that yielded but ½ ton of wire grain to the acre when I began with them to yield 2 tons of clover. The high-grade and the thoroughbred take the place of scrubs; 16 foot corn in place of 8, and a look of livableness to the old farm.

In this there was a development, a growth of knowledge, an appreciation of the God of nature to be found no where else.

For one reason or another in his declining years He becomes the so called “Retired farmer”. Let me say to him “Don’t bottom nail-kegs, or occupy rustic benches. As a farmer you knew something about the care and growth of plants: Don’t let this progressive spirit die out; Go make thy garden, make it as well as thou canst. Thou never workest alone; perchance he whose plot lies next to thine will see it and mend his own.

The “Hoary head is indeed a crown of glory if it be found in the way of rightousness” But the old man who resembles Israel of old who “For many days had no true God, and no teaching priest and no law” is pitiful.

I am truly grateful for these added years above the “ Three score and ten” for I am nearer the ideal life of earlier days. A number of problems that were misty (???) are nearer solution. The spirit and essence of Christianity are more completely grasped. And may I make the best use possible of the remaining days is my prayer. John Quincy Adams past 80 was walking on a street of his cuty when accosted by a neighbour “How is John Quincy”? “Fine, John Quincy never was better, but the house he lives in is very much dilapidated, he will have to move out soon”.

 
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