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George Barlow of Sandwich Massachusetts

Plymouth Colony: Its History and People, 1620-1691
Part One: Chronological Histories
Chapter 5:  Quaker Ranters, Baptist Schismatics, and Indians with Tongues Running Out 1657-1675

The number of people charged and fined for Quaker activity, or for refusing to take the Oath of Fidelity, which in most cases at this time amounted to the same thing, multiplied without cease. Though Sandwich seemed to be the home of the greatest number, converts were made in all towns. Repressive measures did not stop them, but seemed to aid their growth. On 2 October 1660, twenty-four people were fined ten shillings each for being at Quaker meetings, and these included John Soule of Duxbury, Rodulphus Elmes of Scituate, and John and Deborah Smith and Lydia Hickes of Plymouth.

On 1 June 1658 the General Court appointed a special marshal for Sandwich, George Barlow, with jurisdiction also at Barnstable and Yarmouth, to assist the county marshal, meaning to see that the laws against Quakers were kept. On 2 October 1660 the court further spelled out Barlow's responsibilities and expanded his jurisdiction, ordering that "marshal Gorge Barlow shall have libertie to apprehend any forraigne Quaker or Quakers in any pte of this Jurisdiction and to be procecuted according to order provided in that case." Barlow carried out his functions apparently with relish, and a number of claims were made against him, such as on 13 June 1660 when Thomas Clarke "affeirmed in open Court, that Gorg Barlow is such an one that hee is a shame and reproach to all his masters; and that hee, the saidBarlow, stands convicted and recorded of a lye att Newberry." A number of men were fined for refusing to assist Barlow in the execution of his office, including Sandwich's eminent citizen, Mr. Edmond Freeman, who was fined ten shillings on 6 October 1659.8

 
Part One: Chronological Histories
Chapter 5: Quaker Ranters, Baptist Schismatics, and Indians with Tongues Running Out 1657-1675

Yet the court was far from devoid of fairness. On 13 June 1660, the occasion when Thomas Clarke spoke out against Barlow, Barlow and Obadiah Eddy had accused John Newland, whom we have already seen as a Quaker, of saying that he was as holy and perfect as God was holy and perfect. The record shows that "The Court, being unsatisfied in some respects about the testimonies, have, for the psent, freed the said Newland," with a caution that he would have to answer if more satisfying testimony came in. In a case of 5 March 1660/61, Barlow himself was fined twenty shillings for cruelty to Benjamin Allen, making him sit in the stocks at Sandwich for most of the night without cause, and "for other wronges done by him unto the said Allin." Allen was a Quaker, but nonetheless in this case the court protected him, and, further, turned over the twenty-shilling fine to him. At the same time, Barlow was ordered to return to Ralph Allen a shirt and other clothing he had taken from him.

Still more retribution came to Barlow on 4 March 1661/62 when the court severely reproved him and his wife for their "ungodly liveing in contension one with the other." In May 1665 Barlow was accused of "attempting the chastity of Abigaill, the wife of Jonathan Pratt, by aluring words and actes of force," and on 6 March 1665/66 he was fined ten shillings for being drunk the second time.9

 
Part Two: Topical Narratives
Chapter 13: Everyday Life and Manners

George Barlow, the cruel special marshal at Sandwich, left a house valued at £2, three swine, two mares, four cows, plow irons, tooles valued at six shillings, two chains, three kettles, two sickles, a ring and double hooks, a staple and hook, a door hinge, four pails and trays, rings and wedges for scythes, one barrel, one saddle, one gun, one bed valued at two shillings and ten pence, two pitchforks, one pair of pothooks and hangers, two oxen, eight acres of upland, three calves, one bed and bolster, pillow and sheets with blankets, two pewter dishes, one coat and waistcoat and britches, two glass bottles, three trays, a staple and ring, one hoe, onefrying pan, one bedstead with cord and matts, two hats, two axes, two bags, two old chairs and one new chair, and a pair of spectacles, books, and a brush grouped together at six shillings.11

 
Part Three: Biographical Sketches
Biographical Sketches, Savory, Thomas

He may have been related to the Anthony Savory who was on the 1633 freeman list, and who apparently died in the [p.349] 1630s. Thomas was one of the four men sent by John Howland in 1634 on the Kennebec River to cut the moorings of Hocking's ship, Hocking having aimed his gun first at Savory, but then shooting and killing Moses Talbot instead (MD 2:11). In October 1636 Savory was found guilty of drunkenness, and was sentenced to be whipped (PCR 1:44). In 1641 Joshua Pratt was granted some land near the house he had bought of Thomas Savory at "Squerrell" (PCR 2:27). In 1652 Samuel Nash was appointed chief marshal and Thomas Savory under marshal, or executioner, of Plymouth Colony (PCR 3:12).

In 1659/60 Savory was fined five shillings for being drunk (PCR 3:181). On 7 May 1661 Ann, the wife of Thomas Savory, was found guilty for being at home on the Lord's day with Thomas Lucas during the time of public worship and for being found drunk at the time under a hedge in an uncivil and beastly manner, and she was sentenced to sit in the stocks and fined five shillings for drunkenness and ten shillings for profaning the Lord's day (PCR 3:212). In the will of Timothy Hatherly, dated 20 December 1664, fifty shillings was to be given to "my man Thomas Savory…when his service is expired" (MD 16:158); this was likely Savory's son Thomas, then about sixteen years old. In 1665 Thomas, Sr. was a surety for George Barlow, who was accused of attempting the chastity of Abigail, wife of Jonathan Pratt (PCR 4:88). On 7 June 1665 Savory was granted one share in the Major's Purchase in Middleborough "for his children" (PCR 4:95). On 7 June 1670 he was dismissed from his office of under marshal, having been found several times unfaithful to the office and especially for letting Joseph Turner escape, but on his petition he was restored to office on 5 July 1670 (PCR 5:40, 44).

 
Part Three: Biographical Sketches
Biographical Sketches, Eaton, Francis

John Dunham was born ca. 1589 (age at death in 1668/69 was given as eighty). He was a Leiden Separatist who came to Plymouth between 1628 and 1632, probably with those who arrived from Holland in 1629 and 1630. A deacon in the Plymouth Church, he had married (1) Susanna Kenny, who died in Holland, and (2) Abigail Barlow, daughter of Thomas in Leiden on 22 October 1622. He had three children by his first wife: John, Humility, and Thomas, and eight by his second wife: Samuel, Abigail, Persis, Jonathan, Hannah, Joseph, Benajah, and Daniel. All the children are mentioned by Mrs. John E. Barclay, "Notes on the Dunham Family of Plymouth, Mass.," TAG 30:143, and she carries four of them forward: John, who married a Mary; Thomas, who Mrs. Barclay believed [p.286] never married, in spite of what Savage and others wrote; Samuel, who married (1) Martha (Beal) Falloway and (2) the widow Sarah Watson; and Joseph, who married (1) Mercy Morton and (2) Hester Wormell. Of the other children, Abigail married Stephen Wood; Persis married (1) Benajah Pratt and (2) Jonathan Snow; Jonathan married (1) Mary Delano, and (2) Mary Cobb; Hannah married Giles2 Rickard; Benajah married Elizabeth Tilson; and Daniel married a Hannah. Isaac Watson Dunham's Deacon John Dunham of Plymouth, Mass., 1589-1669, and His Descendants (1907) is a very poorly written book, confusing, difficult to use, and often erroneous.

 
Part Three: Biographical Sketches
Biographical Sketches, Ellis, John

Samuel did not qualify for inclusion by any right of his own. Therefore it is reasonable to suppose that he qualified by right of his wife, and that she must have been the daughter of some Old Comer family. Which Old Comer families had daughters named Elizabeth who can not otherwise be accounted for? Only one. Bradford (Ford) 2:408-09 gives Bradford's words that "Thomas Rogers dyed in the first sicknes, but his sone Joseph is still living, and is maried, and hath six children. The rest of Thomas Rogers [children] came over, and are maried, and have many children." Yet not all of Thomas Rogers's other children at Plymouth have been identified. Besides Joseph, who came over with Rogers, his son John came over ca. 1630, but that is all that is known about his children in New England. MF 2:153 cites Leiden records to show that Rogers also had in Holland Lysbeth (Elizabeth) and Grietgen (Margaret). It might seem reasonable then to think that Samuel Eddy's wife was Elizabeth Rogers, except for one other fact. As shown by Plymouth Colony LR 4:311, Samuel Eddy was a brother-in-law of Thomas Savory, q.v. All would be neat if Savory were married to a Margaret, but his wife was Anne or Annis. One could suppose that Savory married (1) a daughter of Thomas Rogers and (2) Anne, or that he married Anne, a daughter of Thomas Rogers not given in the Leiden records, but this is just speculation (a Margaret Savory was in Leiden in 1613 and 1619 [Dexter, p. 633]). Pope has Thomas Savory arriving in New England in the Mary and John in 1633/34. He was at Kennebec in April 1634 with John Howland (MD 2:11), and there is no record any earlier of him in Plymouth. Thus he would not qualify as a "first born" either. Yet on 7 June 1665 he was one of five men receiving land in the Major's Purchase, and while the other four received the land for themselves, Savory received it "for his children" (PCR 4:95). Though nothing in the records shows that the Major's Purchase was reserved for the children of Old Comers, the other four receiving land were William Clarke of Duxbury, a kinsman of Adventurer and Purchaser William Collier (PCR 12:182); Benjamin Eaton, a son of 1620 Mayflower passenger Francis Eaton; Jonathan Dunham, a son of Leiden Separatist Deacon John Dunham, q.v., and his wife, Abigail Barlow, who was also in Leiden; and Joseph Dunham, a brother of Jonathan. There are possibilities here, but obviously this theory needs more support before it can be considered fact.

 
Part Three: Biographical Sketches
Biographical Sketches, Washburn, John

A 1620 Mayflower passenger, Richard Warren is unusual because, although Bradford in his "decreasing and increasings" gives him the honorific title "Mr.," he does not mention him at all in the text of his history, and very little is known about him except for a few brief mentions elsewhere. In Mourt's Relation, p. 15, Winslow lists ten men on an early expedition at Cape Cod, three of whom, including Richard Warren, were from London. Judging from land transactions (see, for example, MD 3:45-51 and PCR 12:28) of his widow, Elizabeth, who came over in 1623 on the Anne with daughters Abigail, Anna, Elizabeth, Mary, and Sarah, the family appears to have been one of the wealthier ones at Plymouth. However, he was not one of the eight select Undertakers in 1627. Nathaniel Morton wrote for the year 1628 "This Year died Mr. Richard Warren, who…was an useful Instrument and during his life bare a deep share in the Difficulties and Troubles of the first Settlement of the Plantation of New-Plimouth" (Memoriall, p. 68). His widow, Elizabeth Warren, was given [p.368] the unique distinction of having a law passed unanimously by the whole court to give her the Purchaser status her deceased husband had had, "hee dying before he had performed the bargaine, the said Elizabeth performed the same after his decease, and also for the establishing of the lotts of lands given formerly by her unto her sonnes in law, Richard Church, Robert Bartlett, and Thomas Little" (PCR 1:54). The three sons-in-law had married respectively daughters Elizabeth, Mary, and Anna, and the other two daughters were married later, Sarah to Mayflower passenger John Cooke, and Abigail to Anthony Snow. Richard and Elizabeth Warren had two sons born at Plymouth, Nathaniel, who married Sarah Walker, and Joseph, who married Priscilla Faunce— see the second revision (1986) of the Families of the Pilgrims booklet on Warren. Widow Elizabeth Warren's servant, Thomas Williams, was charged with speaking profane and blasphemous speeches to her, but the court released him with a warning after he made a humble acknowledgment of his offence (PCR 1:35). She died at Plymouth 2 October 1673, aged above ninety years, "having lived a godly life, came to her grave as a shoke of corn fully ripe" (PCR 8:35). The English origin of the Warrens, though much searched for, has not yet been found, but she was definitely not Elizabeth Jowett, as some have claimed. Although Warren's granddaughter Elizabeth Warren had a child by Joseph2 Doty, she did not, as has been written, marry him. Some early generations are given by Claude W. Barlow, "Richard and Elizabeth Warren," MQ 42:125, 43:12. See also Mrs. Washington A. Roebling, "Richard Warren of the Mayflower and Some of His Descendants," NEHGR 55:70, which contains some errors. See also Ruth Berg Walsh, "The Search for Pilgrim Richard Warren's Parentage," MQ 51:109).

 
GENEALOGICAL REGISTER of PLYMOUTH FAMILIES  page 295

WRIGHT, ADAM, son of Richard, lived in that part of Plymouth which afterwards became Plympton.
He married Sarah, daughter of John Soule of Duxbury, and had John and Isaac.

He married, 2nd: Mehitabel Barrows
They had:
Samuel
Moses
James
Nathan
Esther - married Daniel Pratt
Sarah - married Seth Fuller
Mary - married Jeremiah Gifford
Rachel - married Ebenezer Barlow

Adam Wright died in 1724 at about eighty years of age.

Massachusetts Index