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A little history on the name Barlow and their place or origin in England. The following is copied from the book, Bunches of Barlows, by John Hawkins & Elizabeth H. Michaels, the original was copied from notes by Allan Poe, Caldwell County NC genealogist.
Barlow was originally a place name of Anglo-Saxon derivation, signifying a hill or clearing planted in barley (Anglo-Saxon "Baerlic) There are several villages and manors bearing the name, all in the north of England, (Lancashire, Yorkshire, & Derbyshire). The oldest and by far the most numerous of the Barlow families originated in Lancashire taking their name from a manor in the parish of Whalley, near the modern industrial center of Manchester, and near the point where the three counties of Lancashire, Yorkshire and Cheshire meet. They descend from a 13th century knight, Sir Roger Barlow of Barlow, in the reign of Edward I. The senior male line of the family continued in possession of the manor of Barlow for at least four centuries, Thomas Barlow, being lord of the manor in the reign of Charles II, in 1664.
The medieval coat of arms of the Lancashire Barlows was (in simple terms), a two-headed silver eagle on a black shield, very similar to the arms of the German emperors, still used. I think, as the arms of West Germany. Some of the junior branches of the family produced some individuals of moderate importance--a Bishop of Rochester (1603), an Archbishop of Tuam in the Church of Ireland (1634), who was ancestor of a Lord Mayor of Dublin (1715)
Records of descendants of more modest pretensions include George Barlow, a baker in Manchester in 1583; Henry Barlow of Derbyshire, a student at Oxford in 1584; John Barlow of Cheshire, another Oxford student in 1600; and Sir Alexander Barlow, Knight of Barlow, whose will was probated in 1620, at Chester, (Whalley Parish, in which the manor of Barlow was situated, was in the diocese and archdeaconry of Chester) The Reverend Canon C.W. Bardslay, who was a rector of a city parish in Manchester for 30 years, published his authorative dictionary of English and Welsh surnames in 1896; he remarked in it that the Barlow name in Lancashire "has ramified in an extraordinary manner."
The 1873 Post Office Directory for Lancashire listed 75 Barlow householders in the city of Manchester; other directories of the period listed 15 Barlow householders in the West Riding of Yorkshire, and 33 in the city of London.
Dictionary of English and Welsh Names:
Local "of Barlow" near Manchester, The Lancashire Barlows spring from Barlow Hale and Barlow Moor, near Manchester. The same has ramified in an extra-ordinary manner. Barlow is also a parish in Co Derby, near Chesterfield, and nearly all our Barlows trace back to the neighborhood of Manchester.
The Barlows of Barlow Hale - whence Wm Barlow, Bishop of Lincoln, born about 1550- were seated there so early as 20 Ric II.
The first entry below probably represents Barlow, a chapelry in the Parish of Brayton, west Rid. Yorks.
1379 Johannes de Barlowe : PI Yorks
1584 Henry Barlow Co Derby Reg Univ. Oxford
1600 John Barlow Co Chester ibod pg 244
1583 George Barlow of Manchester, Baker will of Chester
1594 Ottiwell Barlow of Heuton Norris
1620 Sir Alexander Barlow of Barlow
1656 married John Barlow and Mary Tolley St. Dionis Backchurch
To learn more about the origins of the Barlow name, and the coat of arms, please refer to Edson Barlow's article "Barlow Coat of Arms".
Back issues of the Barlow of Barlow newsletter are available on this website.
In a letter dated February 2008, Edson writes: I'm sure that you are aware of all the Barlow name variations that show up in various database indices, such as census, social security death index, etc., etc.
I routinely look for Barlow, Barlaw, Barlew, Berlow, Barlowe, Burlew, Burlow, Borlow, Barlo and Barlon. It's amazing how the people that have done the indexing will read handwriting or maybe it was how the censustaker thought that he heard the name.
Barlew, Berlow and Burlew are distinctly unique surnames, although I have found Barlows listed as Barlews and I have found Burlews listed as Barlows.
But one name stands out - Barlon. So far as I can determine, there is no such surname. Every instance of the name Barlon that I have found has turned out to be a Barlow. For example, there are 78 Barlons indexed in the 1910 census and they are all Barlows.
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Since Barlow Genealogy began in May 1998
John Barlow of Fairfield Connecticut
Edmund Barlow of Malden Massachusetts
George Barlow of Sandwich Massachusetts
The following families have not been proven by DNA or research to be related to any of the tested families.
Adelaide Barlow and Orange Runnel Davis